USB CDC Device and HOST in STM32
In this tutorial I will cover how to implement USB CDC (Communication Device Class) in STM32 using both the modes, i.e. CDC Device, and CDC Host. For the Host purpose, I will use STM32F411 DISCOVERY Board, and STM32F103 is used as a Device. Both the microcontrollers will be able to communicate with each other using the USB connected between them.
First of all we need to select the USB_OTG_FS in Host Only mode. Also make sure you activate the VBUS, Host is the one responsible to provide the power to the USB device.
- Next, select the USB_HOST and select the class as Communication Host Class, and Leave everything here to default.
- You can see the Pins got selected on the right
- Also I have selected the PC0 as output so that VBUS can be activated. This is explained below
As we need to enable the voltage supply to the VBUS pin, and to do that, take a look at the board schematics. I am using STM32F4 discovery board, and it have the following diagram for the USB
As you can see above, the VBUS Voltage is controlled by the PC0 pin. Which is connected to the EN Pin, which is an active Low pin. This means in order to supply the voltage to the VBUS, we must Pull down the PC0 Pin, or basically Set it LOW.
That’s all for the HOST setup, now let’s take a look at the device setup
Select the Device mode in the USB Settings
- In the USB_DEVICE, select the Communication Device Class, and Leave everything to default.
- You can see the 2 pins also got selected on the right
This is all for the CDC Device Setup.
As you can see above, the USB is connected between the Host and the Device.
Some Insight into the CODE
Above are some defines, that will be used in the code
- CDC_HANDLE will handle the HOST part
- When the Host is IDLE, it will send the data to the Device
- Once the data transfer is successful, it will change the CDC state to RECEIVE mode
- In the Receiving state, Data will be received from the device, and stored in the CDC_RX_Buffer
- The state will be again changed to IDLE, so that the next data can be transmitted
As you can see above, once the USB device is ready, CDC_HANDLE will always execute, and the data transfer goes on forever.
In the CDC Device, we need to set the Line Coding first. Open the file USB_DEVICE->App->usbd_cdc_if.c and modify the function CDC_Control_FS as shown in the picture below
The rest of the code for the Reception and transmission is written in CDC_Receive_FS
Basically, whenever the device gets the receive request, it will receive the data, and transmit it back to the host using CDC_Transmit_FS function
As you can see above that the CDC_RX_Buffer have received the data (DATA = 0), that we transmitted to the device.